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Headache: Symptoms, prevention, and treatment

Why does a headache happen Headache symptoms causes

NCERT SUTIYON

Headache is a pain in any part of the head. Headaches can be one or both sides of the head. It starts from a point in the head and spreads into the whole head or it seems to be at a certain place.

This pain can appear as a sharp pain or a mild pain that produces a sensation in the head. Headaches can come gradually or suddenly and can last from an hour to several days.

Mainly there are two types of headaches –

Primary headaches include

Secondary headaches include

Headache is a common type of tension headache. Tension headaches are caused by tightening (tightening) of the muscles in your shoulders, neck, skull, and jaw. These headaches are often related to tension or anxiety. You are more likely to get tension headaches if you work too hard, don’t get enough sleep, have irregular eating habits, or consume alcohol.

Most people can feel much better by making lifestyle changes, giving the body enough rest, and taking pain relievers.

Not all headaches require a visit to the doctor, but sometimes headaches warn of a serious disorder. Be sure to tell your doctor if you have a sudden severe headache. Get medical treatment right away if you have a headache after a tremor or if you have a headache accompanied by a stiff neck, fever, confusion, fainting, or pain in the eyes or ears.

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Table of Contents

    Types Of Headache

    Types Of Headache

    There are different types of headaches. The International Headache Society divides headaches into two parts –

    1. Primary headaches – which are not caused by any other problem
    1. Secondary headaches – Secondary headaches have several main causes.

    1 – Primary headache

    A primary headache is a spontaneous disease caused by hyperactivity or problems with pain-sensing structures inside the head which include blood vessels, muscles, nerves in the head and neck. These may also occur in the chemical activity of the brain.

    Primary headaches include:

    2 – Secondary headache

    Secondary headache symptoms occur when another factor stimulates the nerves in the head. In other words, headache symptoms can be attributed to a cause. A variety of factors can cause secondary headaches.

    These include alcohol-induced

    Secondary headaches include –

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    Headache symptoms

    Headache symptoms do not require immediate medical attention. These symptoms include mild headache, which is usually accompanied by pain, pressure, or strain on both sides of the head above the eyebrows.

    Symptoms of headache include the following –

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    Questions related to headache

    Why does a headache happen?

    Headache occurs due to irritation or injury to the sensory structures. The sensory structures that can sense pain include –

    Headaches can occur when there is pressure, spasm, tension, swelling, or irritation in these structures. The incidence of mild headaches is widespread among people who have a headache disorder. Each person has his own different pattern.

    What are the causes of Primary headache?

    A primary headache is a spontaneous disease that occurs immediately due to overactivity or problems in the pain-sensing structures in the head. This includes blood vessels, muscles, nerves in the head and neck. Primary headaches are caused by changes in chemical activity in the brain.

    What are the causes of Secondary headache?

    Secondary headache symptoms appear when pain-sensing nerves in the head are stimulated by some other condition.

    These are the factors that cause secondary headaches –

    Headaches can cause serious problems. It is important to consult a doctor if you have severe headaches on a regular or frequent basis.

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    Headache relief

    How to stop headache?

    Headaches can be painful and debilitating. Identify any behavior that may be triggering your headache pattern.

    1. Reduce your stress – There are many ways to do this. For this, you can exercise, pray, spend time with loved ones and do such things that make you happy.
    1. Maintain your energy – Eat regularly and don’t let the lack of water in you.

    Headache Test

    How is a headache diagnosed?

    When you have a mild headache that doesn’t show any serious symptoms, testing isn’t necessary. Blood tests are usually not useful, as the results are almost always normal unless other symptoms are present. X-rays or CT scans are usually not necessary unless there is an injury.

    Even with a head injury, X-rays or scans are often not necessary. If your headaches are severe, your doctor will evaluate your symptoms and medical history. He will also do a physical examination of you. This information will help the doctor to determine the type and cause of the headache.

    Tell your doctor if you have these symptoms along with a headache –

    1. that occurs frequently or are severe
    2. don’t let you sleep through the night
    3. have new patterns or change in frequency
    4. are new or show new symptoms.

    A doctor can diagnose a specific type of headache thorough description of the condition, type of pain, and timing & pattern of pain. If the nature of the headache appears to be complex, tests may be performed to rule out more serious causes.

    Tests for headache –

    If you are suffering from pain, your doctor may refer these tests for headaches, the test result will help him to understand the cause of the pain. These tests may include –

    Treatment of headache

    Headache treatment

    The most common forms of headache treatment are adequate rest and pain-relieving medications. A doctor can prescribe you the right preventive medicine depending on your conditions and the causes of the pain.

    It is important to follow the doctor’s advice, as overuse of pain relievers can lead to relapse of headaches. Treatment of rebound headaches involves reducing or stopping the dose of painkillers.

    Medicines for headache

    Treatment of the underlying problem stops the recurring headaches. When no other problem appears, treatment is focused on stopping the pain. When you are ready to start preventive therapy, your doctor may recommend –

    Note: The name of the above medications are given for informational purposes only. Self-use of any medication is prohibited strictly due to some risks involved. Always consult your nearest doctor to seek a right medical advice.

    Headache relief and self care / home remedies for headache

    Additionally, self-care can also be done to relieve headaches. There are several steps / home remedies that can be taken to reduce the risk and pain of headaches –

    Alternative Treatments for Headaches

    There are many treatments available for headaches, however, it is important to consult a doctor before exploring any treatment option.

    Research does not confirm that all of these methods work.

    Why do headaches happen again and again?

    The two chronic daily headaches often have no identifiable cause. In many cases, the exact causes of chronic headaches are not known.

    Health problems that can cause non-primary chronic daily headaches, include –

    This type of headache usually develops in people who have an “episodic headache disorder” (usually migraine or tension-type headache) and take a lot of pain medication. If you are taking pain medicines/over-the-counter medicines more than two days a week or nine days a month, the risk of getting frequent headaches increases.

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