Periods: it is a natural part of the reproductive cycle in which blood from the uterus passes through the vagina.
This is a natural process that usually begins in girls between the ages of 10 and 15 and is an indication of the onset of puberty.
In this article, every question related to menstruation will be answered.
What is Menstruation Cycle
Women are born with two small, grape-sized ovaries on either side of their uterus inside the abdomen. The ovary is filled with hundreds of eggs.
When you reach puberty, your ovaries make hormones (especially estrogen) that lead to breast development and the start of menstruation.
The pituitary gland in your brain secretes chemical messengers (FSH and LH) called gonadotropins, which send a message to your ovaries to release a mature egg once a month.
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If the egg isn’t fertilized by a sperm, two weeks later, the thick, bloody lining (endometrium) that builds up in your uterus between periods exits your body through your vagina. As it comes, this is your period.
The whole process is called menstruation, it starts when your body is ready for it. Most menstruation lasts for 3 to 5 days.
Having regular menstruation is a sign that the vital organs of your body are working properly. The menstrual cycle provides important bodily chemicals, called hormones, to keep you healthy.
Your menstrual cycle prepares your body for pregnancy each month. The average menstruation cycle is 28 days.
However, this cycle can be between 21 and 35 days in adults and 21 to 45 days in young adolescents.
The rise and fall of hormone levels throughout the month regulate the menstrual cycle.
Myths about periods in India
Despite being a women-only issue, it has always been surrounded by secrecy and myths in many societies. Various taboos related to menstruation exclude women and girls from many aspects of social and cultural life.
Culturally in many parts of India, menstruation is still considered dirty and impure. Women are also prevented from participating in the activities of normal life.
There does not appear to be any scientific reason for the belief that menstruation makes women “impure.”
Many girls and women face restrictions in their daily life simply because they are menstruating.
They are also prevented from praying in the temple and touching holy books. Although, with the efforts of some social workers, such restrictions are now getting reduced, but the situation in rural areas is still not changed.
It is also believed that menstruating women are harmful and impure, so the food they prepare may be contaminated.
However, as long as general hygiene measures are taken into account, there are no scientific tests to substantiate this myth.
What to do in periods
First of all, change your thinking about menstruation. Many women see this as a punishment. While it is an integral natural part of your life.
You should feel proud about your period as a sign of being a woman because it is associated with the special quality of being a mother. This positive thinking of yours will help in reducing the worry about the period.
Take care of your menstruation. Tracking your monthly period will not only help you know when it is due but can also help you when you plan to get pregnant, you will know the best time of pregnancy.
You can keep full details of the day your period begins and ends in a calendar, journal, or through a mobile app. There are several apps, such as Strawberry Pal or Clue, that can help you track your monthly period and set reminders when your next cycle starts.
Remember that during the first year of menstruation, many times these are unexpected and may come at any time. Don’t worry if this happens as it is completely normal. However, after the first year, your monthly periods will be in a more regular pattern and it will be easier to track.
Menstrual periods vary between women. They can start between 21 to 35 days and last from two to seven days. It may be regular and occur at the same time each month, or it may be irregular.
When you are sexually active it is very important to monitor your periods.
Carry feminine hygiene products with you at all times. Keep a spare tampon, panty liner or pad in your purse, backpack, and car. That way, you can be safe even if your period suddenly comes.
This is especially important if you have irregular periods and you can’t predict exactly when your next period will start.
What not to do in periods
Do not wax. Estrogen levels drop during your period. Having such a low estrogen count makes you feel a lot of physical pain, making your body very sensitive. In such a situation, getting waxed can be extremely uncomfortable and painful.
Do not watch romantic and sad movies. Your feelings vary greatly during your period. Hormone levels are unbalanced and your body tries to adapt but your mind doesn’t know how to react.
In such a situation, emotional films can be like a disaster for you. They can increase your sensitivity. Use this time to watch new comedy movies instead.
Do not be inattentive thinking that the flow is less at night. Otherwise, you may get in trouble. When you go to bed at night, be extra careful.
You should increase your physical activity during these days. Physical activity helps with planning for cramps, anxiety, and roller coaster-like emotions.
Even though you can use each product for up to 8 hours according to the box directions of the pad or tampon, it’s a good idea to change it every 3 to 4 hours. This limits your discomfort and prevents bacteria from growing.
It is true that during menstruation you take in some extra calories due to fluid retention. It is also true that once the cycle is complete you return to your normal weight. But it is not true that the calories you take on those days do not count.
Unfortunately, any extra calories we take in, we have to burn them or else these calories can make us gain weight.
What to eat and what not to eat during periods
Eat foods rich in iron minerals. Although calcium is also good during menstruation, dairy products are not good. They contain arachidonic acid, which can cause more cramping in the lower abdomen.
Experts say that do not consume food with high sodium at all. Excess sodium intake may cause fluid retention, bloating, and more cramping.
Causes of menstrual pain and solution
This type of pain, called dysmenorrhea, feels like cramping in the lower abdomen and usually occurs before or during menstruation.
Dysmenorrhea is not a serious illness in most teenage girls, even though the cramps can be severe. Pain in older women is sometimes caused by a disease or condition such as uterine fibroids or endometriosis.
Treatment depends on what your problem is and how severe it is.
Causes of heavy menstrual bleeding and remedies
Abnormal bleeding from the uterus is different from normal menstruation. These include bleeding during menstruation, bleeding after sex, heavy or more frequent bleeding at any time in the menstrual cycle, and bleeding after menopause.
There can be many reasons for this abnormal bleeding. Such as – the formation of blood clots, thyroid gland, unnecessary pressure in the uterus, etc.
Your doctor can start by examining you based on the problems most common in your age group.
Treatment of abnormal bleeding depends on its cause. Inform your doctor if you have unusual bleeding like this.
Reasons for late periods and remedies for delayed periods
In both menopausal women and teenage girls, hormonal changes can cause long periods with irregular cycles. Even if the cause is hormonal changes, you can still get treatment. This can be due to stress, over-exercise, weight loss or diet.
You should keep in mind that these can also be caused by other serious health problems such as uterine fibroids, polyps or cancer.
Intercourse during periods
When you are about to have intercourse, put some towels on the bed so that your bed does not get spoiled by menstrual bleeding.
Keep some tissues next to you as well, these will be useful for cleaning your organs after intercourse.
Use the missionary position when you have intercourse. This will help in reducing the flow of blood. You lie on your back and ask your partner to enter.
In addition, your cervix may become less and more sensitive than normal during your period. If you get hurt by the penis on it, then tell your partner and proceed with full care.
Have intercourse in the shower. Not only will this reduce the stress of cleaning, but it will also make you feel better.
Pregnancy during periods
It is a common belief that a woman cannot get pregnant if she has intercourse with her partner during menstruation.
However, there is a great chance for women to become pregnant during their menstrual cycle. You conceive when fertilization (sperm meets egg) occurs.
Fasting during periods
According to the rules related to menstruation and worship of the Hindu religion, you can keep fast, but for worship, you have to take the help of any other member of the house.
These are not our personal views. You are free to worship and fast as per your wish. These rules have no importance in front of your loyalty to God.
According to the rules of the Muslim religion, Muslim women are not given the right to offer Namaz during menstruation, to fast. These are also not our personal views. You reserve the right to follow the rules according to your integrity.
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