Childhood: Definition and characteristic


Childhood is that stage of children, in which the memory consciousness of the students is developed. Childhood is considered to be 6 to 12 years, in which students are curious to know about new things.

It is that stage of development in which the development of the personality and character of the child takes place at a rapid pace.

Under this stage, the responsibility of both parents and teachers increases to a great extent because in this stage the amount of spoilage of the children is high. At this stage, there is a great need to guide the students properly.

What is childhood

Childhood is the stage after infancy. In this stage, children reach this stage after completing the process of development from infancy.

This stage is the stage of personality and character formation of the students, so many psychologists consider this stage to be a formative stage as well.

This stage occurs at the age of 6 to 12 years. Under this, the growing stage has been divided into two parts, that is, the stage of 6-9 years is divided as pre-childhood and the age years of 9-12 as post-childhood.

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Definition of childhood

  • According to Kilpatrick – “Adolescence is a period of rivalry socialization.”
  • According to Call and Bruce – “It is difficult for every parent to understand this stage.”
  • According to Ross – “Adolescence is the age of pseudo (false) maturity.”


1. Concrete operational stage – The concrete operational stage is the stage in which students think about the same thing they see in front of their eyes, that means, they are able to think about what they see. This state is less intangible and more tangible.

2. Gaming Stage – This stage is called the game stage because in this stage the child’s mind is very playful and he is very active. At this stage, about 95 percent of the children express their interest in playing.

3. Formative Stage – This stage is called the formative stage because it forms the personality and character of the students.

4. Community Stage – In this stage, children like to live in groups. In being alone, he feels uncomfortable and goes into a state of calm.

5. Sensitivity – Sensitivity means that in this stage, children are more excited and credible to do any work.

6. Concerns – In this stage, the child becomes reflective, which means, he starts identifying right and wrong. Tries to get to the bottom of a subject and tries to understand things.

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This stage is a very important stage because it forms the personality of the students. In this stage, if children do not get the right guidance, then they can move in the wrong direction very quickly. This stage is a more agitated stage, although in this stage the students start to think that reflective progress is its own developing state which is immature.


Childhood is a very important stage. In which the responsibility of parents and teachers increases because in this stage children are more social and are in the stage of a developmental process.

In this article, you learned what is childhood. Its definition and characteristics. If you liked this post, please do share it with your family and friends.

NCERT Infrexa

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