SSC: Structure, major functions and exams offered by it


Staff Selection Commission (SSC) was established on 4th November 1975 by the Government of India.

The purpose behind the establishment of this commission was that the process of appointment of proper and qualified skilled officers and employees for government offices should be carried out in a systematic and disciplined manner.

Staff Selection Commission (SSC) conducts SSC Group (B) and Group (C) examinations. It determines the exam date and exam pattern and syllabus.

Lakhs of students apply for all these exams. Many examinations like CGL, CHSL, SSC Multitasking, Junior Engineer are organized by this commission.

Establishment and History of Staff Selection Commission

As we have told you above that this commission was established in 1975 and its function is to select qualified and skilled students and provide them with proper responsibilities and positions.

So that their skills can be used for the development of the nation.

The “Committee of Estimates” in Parliament, had recommended the establishment of such a commission in its 47th report (1967 – 68) that is capable of selecting skilled persons.

Full form of SSCStaff Selection Commission (कर्मचारी चयन आयोग)
Body typeGovernment
Established in4 November 1975
Total members4 (including the chairman)
HeadquartersNew Delhi, India
Services offeredExams and Employments, for Group B Services in India
Official websiteClick here

In the beginning, there was no such commission that could efficiently recruit qualified officers and conduct examinations in a systematic manner.

India is a country with the majority of youths. Therefore, it was necessary to set up a commission to plan and implement such a large number of examinations.

Due to this, the Staff Selection Commission (SSC) was established on 4 November 1975.

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Structure of Staff Selection Commission (SSC)

The head office of this commission has been established in Delhi. It consists of a chairman and other 3 members.

Under this, the director, deputy secretary, two joint directors, budget assessing officers and between 150 and 200 other support staff work in this commission.

This is a main commission under which the number of members is also high because the area of ​​its work is very large. To keep it under control and to bring simplicity and clarity in the works, it is necessary to have more employees and officers.

All the examinations held under it are given the final seal or approval by its chairman only.

This commission has its own website with the help of which students apply for jobs according to their qualifications after receiving the notification of the release, as well as the question papers of the previous examinations are also made available in it.

Under this, they have to do one-time registration (OTR) first. After which he can easily apply for many posts.

It is a great route that provides proper means to such a large number of students. So that they can easily apply themselves.

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Functions of the Staff Selection Commission (SSC)

  1. The main function of this commission is to make appointments for vacant posts in the ministries and offices under the Government of India.
  1. It determines and ensures the pattern, syllabus, and procedure of SSC examinations.
  1. This commission implements the process of examinations for the posts of Group B and Group C and from time to time releases the notification of suitable jobs in its website.
  1. Opportunities for appointment to the Accountant General and other posts are provided by this commission.
  1. It releases the notification for the vacant posts related to the Government of India and assigns responsibility to the skilled and qualified person by selecting him.

Exams offered by SSC

Group B and Group C posts are recruited by Staff Selection Commission (SSC).

The following examinations are conducted by SSC every year:

  • CGL
  • CHSL
  • Junior Engineer JE
  • GD Constable
  • Multitasking Staff
  • Stenographer
  • Central Police Organization
  • Ministry of Railway Related Vacancy
  • Teachers Related Post
  • Junior Hindi Translators
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SSC Exam Pattern

Staff Selection Commission (SSC) conducts the examinations according to the situation of the nation and the utility of the examinations.

The type of its questions is objective i.e. objective type. 4 options are given to the students for each question.

It conducts both offline and online exams. It provides us an OMR Sheet in offline examinations in which the right answer for the question has to be selected and the circle has to be filled in it and its online examinations, all the work is done through a computer.

The number of questions asked in this is not fixed i.e. according to the requirement of vacancies, its number of questions also keeps on changing.

In general, the number of its questions is around 100 and 150.


The Staff Selection Commission (SSC) conducts examinations in a fair and disciplined manner. This commission releases notifications for various posts from time to time through which the eligible and skilled person is selected in the best way for the vacant posts.

Its process is as per the requirement of the present common because it is capable of conducting examinations according to the circumstances of the nation.

In this article, you learned about the SSC (Staff Selection Commission), its functions, and the number of members working in it. If you liked this post please share it with other students.

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